Alkab

„The time period lakab (pl. alkab) was furthermore referred to as nabaz (pl. anbaz), and by way of style labaz, and afterwards upon it grew to become lakab. The historical Arabs excelled inside of inventing unpleasant alkab for their enemies, yet the Koran (49:11) forbade them not in direction of employ the service of pejorative sobriquets: „Do not scoff at every other or offer you each individual other derisory nicknames” (wala talmizu anfusakum wala tanabazu bi ‚l-alkab).

The lakab tended toward be transmogrified into significant roles inside Islamic culture. Maximum dramatically for the advancement of Islamic tradition, the lakab made versus becoming a nickname of praise or admiration. It is put in towards a unique towards distinguish him in opposition to many others who undergo the exact same popularity. It is an honorific (tashrifi) or for the cause of identity (tarif).

Alternate alkab are discovered in direction of comprise been offered toward the prophets in accordance in the direction of the Koran. Adam as Safiullah (favored by way of God), Abraham as Khalil Allah (God’s mate), Ismael as Dhabih Allah (sacrificed for God), Joseph as Kan’an (the magnificence), Moses as Kalim Allah (one particular who talks with God), Jonah as Dhu ‚l-Nun (male inside of the fish), Jesus as Ruhullah (God’s soul) and so on.

The Prophet is stated toward consist of conferred substitute ecclesiastical alkab towards his Partners, the highest placing a single ended up the titles of Sayyid al-Shuhada and Asad Allah that ended up specified towards his uncle, Hamza b. Abdul Muttalib. Abu al-Haitham Malik b. al-Tayhan made use of in direction of beat with 2 swords inside fingers, the Prophet gave him the name of Dhu al-Sayfayn (the holder of 2 swords). Amr b. Abd b. Nadlah was granted the name of Dhu al-Yadayn and Dhu al-Shahadatayn towards Khuzaymah b. Thabit. Upon working day, the Prophet, even though within the class of seeking, observed Ali bin Abu Talib inside of a mosque asleep within the grime and protect about with it. Hence he stated in direction of him within just a bantering route, „Occur, O’ the dad of grime” and therefore, the Abu Turab (dad of filth) turned his nickname.

A lakab may on top of that be bestowed posthumously, only as the Prophet known as Hanzala, who was killed inside of the fight of Uhad, ghasil al-mala’ika (a person who is washed by way of the angels). Jafar, the son of Abu Talib bore the name, at-ta